Video game writers and narrative designers have long had a strong desire to instill a moral component in their games. But how exactly should writers do that?
At GDC's Narrative Summit on Monday, Richard Rouse III, senior game designer at Microsoft, offered seven practical ways for writing moral games:
1. You don't need player-driven choices to have a moral game
This might seem counterintuitive, as the interactivity of video games offer opportunities for player choice, but if you want to add some morality to a game, you don't need
to entertain player-driven choices, says Rouse. He used thatgamecompany's Journey
as a game that didn't really offer overt player-driven choices, but still presents a moral (that not all people on the internet are complete jerks, if you put them in the right situation).
2. Put beloved characters in conflict
Bring players along for the ride as characters explore internal and external conflicts. Conflict shouldn't just happen between the "good guys" and "bad guys," but also among characters who might be on the same side.
3. If there are choices, there must be repercussions, and not just at the end
While moral games don't need
player-driven choices, it's probably a good idea to leverage the medium to offer players meaningful choices. Rouse used the original Deus Ex
as a good example of a game that constantly offers feedback for player choice.
Rouse explained how last year's Dishonored
gave the seemingly straightforward choice of stealth vs. lethal, but wove it throughout the entirety of the game. That simple choice effects narrative, gameplay and systems throughout the game.
4. Keep the budget in mind
Making a moral game full of choices, different endings and branching paths can get expensive if you go to crazy on cut-scenes and huge changes to a game's backstory. Some inexpensive ways to give players feedback on the choices they've made may include varying textures on a character, or dialog and and voiceovers that change depending on the choices a player has made.
5. Don't provide easy answers. (But I don't mean impossible [choices])
Create moral quandaries -- there should be a good argument for each choice, says Rouse, who used The Walking Dead
as an example of the game that offered tough decisions.
6. No more than three stakeholders
When writing for a game or crafting a narrative, it's not a good idea to write by committee. Having many stakeholders can work well with game design, but having too many cooks in the kitchen on the writing side can muddle the moral message.
"When you have too many people involved with that, it can really drag it down," says Rouse.
7. Make sure your story and your gameplay have the same moral
There is sometimes a disconnect between the gameplay and the moral message. Rouse used BioShock
and Far Cry 3
as examples of games that convey a clear message at the end, but also chastise the player for playing the game as it was designed to be played. "Don't set up the game and sell it to me and then blame me for playing it," said Rouse.
"The best games think about what the gameplay and the story say together, and if you don't think about that you'll be behind the curve," he added.
For Gamasutra's full GDC 2013 event coverage this week, check out the official GDC 2013 event page.