The Entertainment Software Association and the Entertainment Merchants Association have filed a legal brief outlining their case as respondents in the upcoming U.S. Supreme Court showdown
over California's violent video game law.
The 78-page brief
[PDF, via MediaCoalition
], lays out a multi-tiered argument that California's proposed restrictions on sales of violent video games to minors violates the First Amendment's free speech protections while also being unconstitutionally vague, not minimally restrictive, and not representative of a compelling state interest.
"The California statute at bar is the latest in a long history of overreactions to new expressive media," the brief says. "In the past, comic books, true-crime novels, movies, rock music, and other new media have all been accused of harming our youth. In each case, the perceived threat later proved unfounded. Video games are no different."
Calling California's proposal "dangerous," the ESA and EMA argue that California has failed to show video games cause the "violent, aggressive, and antisocial behavior ... [and] psychological or neurological harm" asserted by the state.
"The social science research California cites has been discredited by every court to have considered it," the brief argues. "California's studies do not show that video games are the cause of any harm or that they are any different from any other media."
The brief goes on to argue there's no evidence that parents need governmental assistance in protecting their children from violent video game content. "The record evidence shows that parents are present during 83 percent of game purchases by minors ... and a more recent [FTC] survey puts that figure at 92 percent," the brief states.
"Parents certainly have the right to determine what expression they want their minor children to experience," it continues. "But that parental prerogative does not give the government the right to decide what is worthy for minors to view."
In a press release issued
alongside the filing, ESA president and CEO Michael Gallagher commented: "The California statute is unnecessary, unwarranted, and unconstitutional. Our industry is already partnering with parents and fulfilling its responsibility by supporting the leading work of the Entertainment Software Rating Board, the most robust entertainment rating system available."
He added of the potential statute: "It would threaten freedom of expression not just for video games, but for all art forms. It would also tie up our courts in endless debates about what constitutes acceptable creative expression in our media. It protects no one and assaults the constitutional rights of artists and storytellers everywhere."
Today's industry arguments comes in the wake of briefs filed in support of the law by California
and eleven other states
, as well as various advocacy groups
First signed into California law
by Governor Schwarzenegger in 2004, Assembly Bill 1793 was subject to an immediate injunction
on First Amendment grounds before it could be implemented. The U.S. Circuit Court for the Ninth District later upheld this injunction
, leading to an appeal
that the U.S. Supreme Court announced it would consider
back in April.
Eight other states and two U.S. cities have tried to pass similar restrictions of the sale of violent video games, all of which have been struck down by state or federal courts on First Amendment grounds. The Supreme Court could set a precedent against similar laws passed in the future or overturn the lower court rulings, granting such laws constitutional protection.
Supreme Court arguments in the case are scheduled for the morning of November 2nd.